Bangladesh : Fact Sheet

Official Name : People’s Republic of Bangladesh

Father of the Nation : Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman

Head of the State : President Md. Abdul Hamid

Head of the Government : Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina

Geographical location : Bangladesh lies between Latitudes 20°34′ and 26°38′ North, and longitudes 88°01′ and 92°41′ East. The Country is bordered by India on the west, north and east, having a small border strip with Myanmar in the south-east and by the Bay of Bengal on the south.

Area : 1,47,570 sq km (56,977 sq miles)

GDP growth rate : 6.03% (2012-13)

Per capita GDP : US$ 923 (2012-13)

Savings-GDP Ratio : 29.51% (2012-13)

Main Seasons : Spring (Feb-Mar), Summer (Apr-Jun), Monsoon (Jul-Sep), Autumn (Oct-Nov), Winter (Dec-Jan)

Principal Rivers : Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnophuli

Principal Crops and Fruits : Rice, wheat, jute, tobacco, sugarcane, pulses, oilseeds, spices, potato, vegetables, banana, mango, coconut and jackfruit.

Principal Industries : Ready-made garments, jute and cotton textiles, tea processing, paper, cement, chemical fertilizers, light engineering, sugar, oil refining, steel, shipbuilding, brick, manufacturing, real estate, carpet making, ceramic-ware, pharmaceuticals, assembling of buses & trucks, plastic ware, consumer electronics.

Principal Mineral Resources : Natural gas, coal, limestone, ceramic clay, glass sand, hard rock.

Principal Exports : Readymade garments, raw jute, jute goods, tea, shrimp, fish, finished leather and leather goods, pharmaceuticals, flowers, fruits and vegetables, ceramic-ware, IT and ITES, handicrafts and newsprint.

Total Export Receipts : US$ 30.5 billion (2013-14)

Total Import Expenditure : US$ 33.98 billion (2013-14)

Total Remittance Receipts : US$ 14.461billion (2013-14)

Foreign Currency Reserve : US$ 22 billion (as of 1 Oct 2014)

Seaports : Chittagong, Mongla and Payra

International Airports : Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet

Domestic Airports : Jessore, Ishwardi, Comilla, Cox’s Bazar, Thakurgaon, Syedpur, Rajshahi, Barisal.

Popular sports : Cricket, Football, Hockey, Kabaddi (national game), Swimming, Volleyball, Badminton, Chess

Export Processing Zones (EPZs) : 08

Special Economic Zones (SEZs) : 18 (planned)