Oman : Fact Sheet
Official Name : Sultanate of Oman.
Head of State : His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said Al Said.
Flag : Three horizontal stripes (broad white and green at top and bottom, thinner red in centre), joining a broad red vertical stripe at the staff side; the national emblem (a ‘Khanjar’ or dagger in its scabbard superimposed on two crossed swords in scabbards) is at the top of the vertical stripe.
Type of Government : It is a Sultanate headed by the Sultan of the country with a Deputy Prime Minister and other Cabinet Ministers carrying different portfolios.
Location : Situated in the Northeast of the Arabian Peninsula between latitudes 16°40′ N and 26°20′ N and longitudes 51°50′ E and 59°40′ E.
Land Area : 309,500 square kilometers (11,9498.62 sq miles)
Population : 3,090,150 (July 2012 est.)
Life Expectancy : 73.9 years.
Population Growth Rate : 2.034 % (2012 est.)
Capital : Muscat
Official Language : Arabic (English widely spoken and used in both business and education).
Religion : Islam
Time : 4 hours ahead of GMT
Currency : Rial Omani = US$ 2.60; 1 Rial = 1000 Baiza; (RO 0.385 = US$ 1); Rial Omani 1/000 = BDT 202
Gross National Income per head : US $ 18,987 (est. 2008)
GDP (PPP) : US $ 80.89 billion
Annual Growth : 4.4% of GDP (2011 est.)
Oil Reserves : 5.5 billion barrels (proven reserves as of January 2011 est.)
Average daily oil production : 980,000 barrels (January 2005)
Natural Gas Reserves : 24.76 Cu m (proven reserves)
Copper Reserves : 1603 million tonnes.
Fish Stocks : 185,000 tonnes
Current balance : $6.233 billion (2011 est.)
Exports : $43.53 billion (2011 est.)
Exports commodities : Petroleum, exports, fish, metals, textiles
Export partners : China 26.3%, South Korea 12.4%, Japan 12.1%, India 11.3%, UAE 10.8%, Thailand 6.6% (2010)
Major Oil Markets : Japan 38.4%, Korea 31.4%, Taiwan 9.5%
Imports : $21.47 billion (2011 est.)
Import commodities : Machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants
Import partners : UAE 25.1%, Japan 15.4%, India 5.6%, US 5.5%, China 4.7% (2010)
Climate : Hot and humid in summer (in June 35 to 50 degrees Celsius). Pleasantly cool in winter (in January 20 to 25 degree Celsius)
University education : Sultan Qaboos University was established in Muscat in the year 1986 with medical and engineering faculties and it is meant only for Omani students. It has 11,034 students. Private universities in Sohar and a few other cities have come up but they are still in their initial stages.
Major Crops : Dates, alfalfa, wheat, bananas, coconuts, limes and vegetables (most of the Bangladeshi varieties are available now).
International Airports : Muscat and Salalah
Main Sea Ports : Port Qaboos Muscat, Sohar Industrial Port, Salalah, Mina Al Fahl and Raysut
National Day : 18 November, Birthday of H.M. Sultan Qaboos bin Said